Defending the Fight Against Antisemitism: Balancing Free Speech, National Security, and Religious Freedom


Antisemitism is a long-standing and pervasive form of bigotry that has been a recurring theme throughout history. It is imperative that governments, civil society, and the international community take concerted and decisive action to combat this hatred. This essay aims to explore the complexities of the fight against antisemitism, specifically focusing on the legal and ethical implications of considering demonstrations in support of Hamas or Palestine as hate crimes, the protection of Jews and Christians, and the role of the United States in fostering a safe environment for all.

Section 1: Defining Antisemitism and Hate Crimes

To effectively combat antisemitism, it is crucial to understand its nature and manifestations. The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) working definition of antisemitism has been widely adopted and provides a comprehensive framework for identifying antisemitic acts. This definition includes the targeting of Israel, conceived as a Jewish collectivity, as a form of antisemitism.

Given the IHRA definition, the question arises whether demonstrations in support of Hamas or Palestine constitute hate crimes. It is essential to consider the context of such demonstrations and whether they involve the demonization or delegitimization of Israel or Jews, which could be considered antisemitic under the IHRA definition. If so, these acts could be classified as hate crimes, and the perpetrators should be subject to arrest and prosecution.

Section 2: Free Speech and Hate Crimes

The First Amendment to the United States Constitution protects freedom of speech, but it does not protect hate speech that incites violence or discrimination against a particular group. The Supreme Court has established a balancing test that weighs the value of free speech against the potential harm it may cause. In the case of antisemitic demonstrations, it is necessary to consider whether these protests incite violence or discrimination against Jews and whether they fall within the boundaries of protected speech under the First Amendment.

Non-citizen protesters engaging in antisemitic demonstrations may be subject to deportation if their actions are deemed a threat to national security or public order. This approach is consistent with the principle of sovereignty and the responsibility of nations to protect their citizens from harm.

Section 3: The Intersection of Antisemitism, Christianity, and Religious Freedom

Christianity and Judaism share a common heritage, and Jesus is revered as a Jew in Christian theology. However, antisemitism has historically been perpetuated by some Christian communities, and the question arises whether quoting scripture could be considered antisemitic. To address this issue, it is essential to consider the context and intent of the speech. If the quotation is used to demonize or delegitimize Jews or Judaism, it could be considered antisemitic. However, if the quotation is used in a respectful and educational manner, it should be protected under the principle of religious freedom.

Section 4: The Role of the United States in Combating Antisemitism

The United States has a significant role to play in the global fight against antisemitism. The U.S. government has developed a National Strategy to Counter Antisemitism, which includes measures to increase awareness, improve safety for Jewish communities, and build coalitions across communities to fight hate. Additionally, the United States can work with international partners to promote the IHRA working definition of antisemitism and support multilateral efforts to combat antisemitism worldwide.


The fight against antisemitism is a complex and multifaceted challenge that requires a nuanced approach that balances the protection of free speech, national security, and religious freedom. Demonstrations in support of Hamas or Palestine can be considered hate crimes if they involve the demonization or delegitimization of Jews or Israel. Non-citizen protesters engaging in antisemitic acts should be subject to deportation, as they pose a threat to national security and public order. Finally, the United States must continue to play a leading role in the global fight against antisemitism, working with international partners and civil society to promote a world free of hatred and discrimination.